Friday, January 18, 2013

Filipino Martyr: SANTIAGO V. ALVAREZ

Hero of the Battle of Dalahican 
One of the most valiant generals of the revolution, Santiago Alvarez was born on July 25, 1872, in Imus, Cavite. He was the only child of Gen. Mariano Alvarez and Nicolasa Virata. Shortly after his birth, his parents moved to Noveleta, a town on the northeastern part of the province along the coast of Manila Bay where young Santiago grew up. 
He began his early education at the age of seven in a private school in Noveleta under the tutorship of Sr. Antonio Dacon. At the age of ten, he transferred to another private school in Cavite (now Cavite City), where his tutor was Don Ignacio Vilocillo. From there, his parents sent him to Manila because they wanted him to become a teacher. He enrolled at a school conducted by Don Macario Hernandez along Calamba Street in Tondo. His studies were interrupted by the outbreak of the Revolution in 1896. As soon as peace was restored, he enrolled at the University of Santo Tomas. Subsequently, he transferred to the Colegio de San Juan de Letran where he finally obtained his Bachelor of Arts degree. He then took up law at the Liceo de Manila. 
Shortly before the outbreak of the Revolution in 1896, Santiago was made delegado general of the provincial council of the Katipunan in Cavite. When the Revolution spread in Cavite he was promoted to Captain General and later Commander-in-Chief of the Magdiwang forces. As such, he was among the first in Cavite to take up arms against Spain. All through the Revolution he fought side by side with his father. 
Together with his father and with his cousin, Gen. Pascual Alvarez, he was greatly responsible for seizing Noveleta from the Spanish civil guards on August 30, 1896. During that encounter, the two Spanish officers were killed and all the civil guards taken as prisoners. The revolutionary forces also seized 29 firearms. Four days later, when the Spaniards attempted to retake the town, the Alvarezes once more shared leadership in their successful defense of Noveleta. 
A daring combat soldier, Santiago displayed extraordinary courage and bravery in various assaults on the neighboring coastal and interior towns near Noveleta, specifically, Naic, Maragondon, Magallanes, Tanza, Alfonso, Silang, Imus, and San Francisco de Malabon (now General Trias). 
In September of 1896 and under the command of his father Santiago and Colonel Inocencio Salud took charge of the construction of the ingenious bamboo fortification in Dalahican known as “Bateria No’s 1,2 and 3”, a strategic barrio guarding the mouth of the isthmus of Cavite. 
From November 9 to 11, 1896, he engaged the Spanish troops led by General Ramon Blanco in a 36-hour battle in Dalahican. It was once of the bloodiest encounters during the early days of the Revolution. He scored a decisive victory and finally repulsed them. He forced them to retreat, thus, preventing the enemy forces from making a breakthrough into the other towns in Cavite. In this battle he suffered a severe bullet wound on his head on account of which he was forced to rest for more than a week. 
At this furious encounter, Santiago ordered his men to dig three huge wells. These wells were made to contain the more than one thousand enemy casualties and a few revolutionary troops that fell. General Artemio Ricarte and General Pascual Alvarez were able to repulse the enemy attacks. In this manner, they were able to check every possible effort to send reinforcements from Manila. 
Santiago was also known as Kidlat ng Apoy because of the flaming courage he demonstrated as commander of Cavite’s famed Batteries 1,2, and 3 in the cattle of Dalahican. He showed this trait once more at the Tejeros Convention of March 22, 1897. During that gathering he almost came to blows with Antonio Montenegro, a Magdalo. Montenegro had raised issued which "ouch off” a sensitive spot in the hearts of the Magdiwang members. 
As a fitting reward for his exceptional bravery in the battle of Dalahican he was popularly acclaimed the “ Hero of the Battle of Dalahican..” 
Upon establishment of the American civil government in the Philippines in 1901, Santiago assisted Pascual H. Poblete, Lope K. Santos, Macario L. Sakay and many others in the organization of 
the Nacionalista Party. Like his fellow party members, he aimed to secure for his countrymen, in an opportune time, the independence of his country under the guidance of the United States of America. 
In 1902, Governor William Howard Taft named him the presiding officer of the Great Council of Peace Commission (Junta Magna de la Comision de la Paz), which was created to expedite the rehabilitation of the country from the ravages of war. 
He also collaborated in the founding of the Philippine Independent Church and became one of its leaders. In 1912, he organized the “Makabuhay Association” whose aims were fraternity and mutual assistance. 
Santiago was married to Doña Paz Granados of Tanza, Cavite by whom he had ten children, namely, Marta, Magdalena, Gabriel, Pacita, Numeriano, Emigdio, Rosendo, Virginia, Amelia and Fidel. 
He was only 58 when he died of paralysis maybe a result of his bullet wound on his head, on October 30, 1930 in San Pablo, Laguna. His death came just 17 days after his wife died. His remains were buried at the San Pablo municipal cemetery 

Saulo, Alfredo and Esteban A. de Ocampo. History of Cavite : The Mother Ground of the Philippine Revolution, Independence Flag and National Anthem. Trece Martires : Provincial Government of Cavite, 1985. 
Villaroel, Hector K. Eminent Filipinos. Quezon City: Textbook Publishers, 1965. 

No comments:

Post a Comment